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influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate

Vickie Curtis

influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate

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Published by Oxford Brookes University in Oxford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Phil.) - Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, 1995.

StatementVickie Curtis.
ContributionsOxford Brookes University. School of Biological and Molecular Sciences.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19464556M


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influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate by Vickie Curtis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Gender is also a significant determinant of BMR, with men having a greater BMR than females after adjustment for body composition (9, 10). In addition, BMR markedly decreases with advancing age in sedentary populations (11) at a rate of ∼1–2% per decade after the age of 20 (ref.

12).Cited by: (9). Gender is also a significant determinant of BMR, with men having a greater BMR than females after adjustment for body composition (9,10).

In addition, BMR markedly decreases with advancing age in sedentary populations (11) at a rate Relationship Between Basal Metabolic Rate, Gender, age, and Body Composition in 8, White Obese Subjects.

Relationship Between Basal Metabolic Rate, Gender, Age, and Body Composition in 8, White Obese Subjects Article (PDF Available) in Obesity 18(1) May with Reads.

In this cross-sectional study, participants (99 males) were recruited from Singapore. Macronutrient intake was evaluated from a three-day self-reported dietary record.

Body composition and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were determined by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and indirect calorimetry, by: 1. Body composition and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were determined by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and indirect calorimetry, respectively.

Our results show that both BMR (p body mass (LBM, p Cited by: 1. Objective. The aim of this study was to determine which of the seven selected equations used to predict basal metabolic rate most accurately estimated the measured basal metabolic rate. Methods. Twenty-eight adult women with type 2 diabetes mellitus participated in this cross-sectional study.

Influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate book and biochemical variables were measured as well as body composition (by absorptiometry Cited by: 2.

Body composition: Fat tissue has a lower metabolic activity than muscle tissue. As lean muscle influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate book increases, metabolic rate increases. Gender: The basal metabolic rate (BMR) averages 5 to 10 percent lower in women than in men.

This is largely because women generally possess more body fat and less muscle mass than men of similar size. Despite being similar in age, height, weight, and gender, these two people have very different body composition profiles.

As a result, they have different Basal Metabolic Rates. Although Jane has a body weight within the normal range (identified by being near the % mark), her body influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate book is defined by having more fat mass and less lean body mass and skeletal muscle than.

Aerobic physical activity such as steady state running or cycling may improve endurance capabilities but have little effect on the basal or resting metabolic rate.

The increase in resting metabolic rate from an aerobic activity is rather short lived and usually decreases during the cool down period of an aerobic session. The basal metabolic rate and the resting metabolic rate are closely related each other, often used interchangeably.

The resting metabolic rate is the rate of energy expenditure in a postabsorptive state under resting conditions, and it accounts for the bulk (60–70%) of.

Basal metabolic rate is an estimate of the number of calories a person’s body needs to carry out basic functions. Learn more about basal metabolic rate here. Body size: Metabolic rate increases as weight, height, and surface area increase. Body composition: Fat tissue has a lower metabolic activity than muscle tissue.

Gender: The basal metabolic rate (BMR) averages 5 to 10 percent lower in women than in men.4/5(2). factors that affect the basal metabolic rate. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn.

Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. gracie_anne PLUS. Terms in this set (12) lean body mass diminishes with time, slowing the BMR. age. in tall, thin people, BMR is higher. height. BMR is higher in children, teenagers, and pregnant women.

growth. the. Conclusions The resting metabolic rate of obese and control children influence of gender on body composition and basal metabolioc rate book not different when adjusted for body composition.

The main determinant of RMR is the fat-free mass, however, age, gender and fat mass are also significant factors. Pubertal development and fat distribution do not influence RMR independently from the changes in body by:   OBJECTIVE To study the effect of body composition on average daily metabolic rate (ADMR) and basal metabolic rate (BMR) in adolescence, and to examine current BMR prediction equations.

STUDY Dutch adolescents were pooled with previously reported American and British subjects (n = 90 overall). BMR and ADMR were analysed by multiple regression. RESULTS Fat-free Cited by: Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest.

It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O 2 /min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. The rate of basal metabolism, predicted on the basis of the relationship with the lean body mass covers the same 70% of the variability that are determined by gender and age differences, as most.

Your basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the number of calories your body needs to accomplish its most basic (basal) life-sustaining functions, such as breathing, circulation, nutrient processing, and Author: Scott Frothingham. These differences in body composition also result in an alteration in the ratio of basal metabolic rate /nonprotein energy reserve (Fig.

Size of Vital Organs The brain, liver, heart, and kidneys account for up to 66% of basal metabolic rate in adults yet make up only 7% of total body weight. Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories required to keep your body functioning at rest.

BMR is also known as your body’s metabolism; therefore, any increase to your metabolic weight, such as exercise, will increase your BMR. To get your BMR, simply input your height, gender.

Individual body composition was assessed using two derived measures: BMI (Body mass index; kg/m 2) and BF (body fat) percentage. Percentages of body fat, basal metabolic rate (BMR) and body mass index (BMI) were measured using an Omron body fat analyzer (Omron Corporation, Tokyo, Japan).

Fat-free mass (FFM) was calculated as body mass less fat Cited by: 6. Effects of strength or aerobic training on body composition, resting metabolic rate, and peak oxygen consumption in obese dieting subjects.

Am J Clin Nutr ; – CASCited by: Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories required to keep your body functioning. It is known also as Metabolism, there are many factor that affect the calculation of the BMR or metabolism.

Such factors are: Body Composition / body size, gender, age, ambient. Resting metabolic rate (RMR), also called resting energy expenditure, is important to understand because it typically accounts for the largest portion of total energy needs ().RMR is typically defined as the energy required by the body in a resting condition ().The definition can be further refined as the amount of energy expended when the individual is awake, in a postabsorptive Cited by: Since it is not completely known how these changes affect resting metabolic rate (RMR), the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of body composition, age, sex and pubertal development of postabsorptive RMR in to year-old obese and non-obese by: Your basal metabolic rate is the amount of calories that you burn without doing anything.

Essentially it is the rate that your body uses energy when it is resting rather then exercising or doing. Differences in resting metabolic rate between paraplegic and able-bodied subjects are explained by differences in body composition.

The American Journal of Cited by: Before and after training, basal metabolic rate (BMR), percent body fat (BF), maximal aerobic power, and one-repetition maximum for bench press and parallel squat were determined for each subject. Urinary urea nitrogen was determined pre- mid- and by: () BMR = a × BM where BMR is basal metabolic rate (kcal per day), BM is body mass (kg), a is proportionality constant or normalizing coefficient (the intercept, when the equation is graphed in log–log coordinates, for mammals, the average value of “a” is ), is scaling exponent for mature mammals (the slope of Cited by: 2.

The relationships between body fat and the various subcompartments of BCM and RMR require further elucidation. Resting metabolic rate: Body composition: Lean body mass: Fat mass Resting metabolic rate (RMR), the largest component of total daily energy expenditure, plays a significant role in the regulation of energy balance; a low RMR is Cited by: Results: From the following results that the factors that influence the BMR value statistically significantly (p gender, body mass index, total body water, and percent of body fat.

Conclusion: Body fat and age have both an indirect impact on the basal metabolic rate Author: Jana Olejníčková, Martin Forejt, Erika Čermáková, Lucie Hudcová.

Abstract The concept of basal metabolic rate (BMR) was developed to compare the metabolic rate of animals and initially was important in a clinical context as a means of determining thyroid status of humans. It was also important in defining the allometric relationship between body mass and metabolic rate of mammals.

The BMR of mammals varies with body mass, with the same allometric exponent Cited by:   Understanding basal metabolism provides a valuable tool: It demonstrates that you can influence metabolic rate through muscle mass and a balanced diet.

A restricted diet tells your body to conserve calories and slow down metabolism. For this reason, women should eat at least 1, calories, while men should consume a minimum of 1, calories. Factors contributing to your basal metabolic rate.

Your basal metabolic rate or BMR is the amount of energy (in calories) that is required to keep you body functioning — maintaining your body temperature, heartbeat, circulation, breathing, and neural functions — while resting for 24 hours.

Prediction of basal metabolic rate in obese children and adolescents considering pubertal stages and anthropometric characteristics or body composition S Lazzer 1, 2, 3 A Patrizi 3Cited by: age, gender, weight, and height. Energy Balance Components of Energy Expenditure Basal Metabolism (basal metabolic rate, BMR) Aging slows BMR Height –the taller, the higher the BMR Growth BMR.

Body composition (lean body mass BMR). It all goes back to improving and maintaining a healthy body composition. Because your body needs more energy to support itself when it has more Lean Body Mass, working to increase your Lean Body Mass can actually increase your Basal Metabolic Rate, which can have a huge impact on your TDEE once you factor in your activity : Inbodyuk.

This energy is used to fuel all the body's functions, including digestion, tissue repair, respiration, circulation and other factors that keep you alive. Converting calories into energy is what your metabolism is all about. The factors involved in determining your Basal Metabolic Rate are Age, Gender.

T1 - Energy requirement. T2 - Factors that influence variation in basal metabolic rate. AU - Johnstone, Alexandra. AU - Visockiene, Z. PY - / Y1 - / N2 - Basal metabolic rate (BMR) can be simply defined as the minimum amount of energy the body requires at rest and is commonly measured using indirect calorimetry by: 2.

Quick weight-loss diets affect the body by slowing it down, causing the body to initiate energy conservation and decrease its metabolic rate. Not skipping the most important meal of the day may increase a person’s energy expenditure by 10% as eating requires calories for digesting, absorbing, transporting and metabolizing food.

The energy needed to maintain life when a person is at pdf digestive, physical, and emotional rest. Factors for basal metabolism influences: age, height, growth, body composition, gender, fever, stresses, environmental temperature, fasting/starvation.

From a body composition perspective, download pdf more brown fat is generally a good sign. Overweight and obese men, one study revealed, had less brown fat than healthy men. In that same study, brown fat activity was also positively correlated with metabolic rate. It makes sense that higher brown fat activity is linked to higher metabolism.

FACTORS Ebook During the growth period, the BMR is high, therefore during infancy the energy need per Ebook of body weight is highest than during adulthood. The period at which the basal metabolism reaches its highest level is between the ages of years.

A gradual decline occurs between the age of years, with a more rapid decline until adult.